About Phonograph

The mechanical phonograph cylinder was the first practical sound recording and reproduction device. It was invented by Thomas Edison in 1877 and patented in 1878. The invention of phonograph cylinder soon spread across the world. It was to remain popular in commercial recording for over the next two decades. The distribution and sale of sound recordings was soon turning into a new expanding international industry. Some of the most popular titles were selling millions of units by the early 1900s.Read on to know more about phonograph player.

With the advances and progress of mass-production techniques, the phonograph cylinder recordings became a major new consumer item in industrial countries. It remained the main consumer set-up from the late 1880s until around 1910.

The next chief technical development was the invention of the gramophone disc or disc phonograph. It was commercially introduced in the United States in 1889 and is generally credited to Emile Berliner. These discs were easier to manufacture, transport and store. Additionally they also had the added advantage of being louder than phonograph cylinders, which were single-sided by necessity. The sales of gramophone discs overtook the cylinder. By the end of World War I, the disc phonograph had become the leading commercial recording format.

There were various permutations in the audio disc format of the phonograph, which became the main medium for consumer sound recordings until the end of the 20th century. From the early 1910s to the late 1950s, the double-sided 78 rpm shellac disc became the standard consumer music format. Although universally there was no accepted speed and different companies offered discs playable at several different speeds. However, all the leading recording companies finally settled on a de facto industry standard of nominally 78 revolutions per minute. In America, the specified speed was 78.26 rpm in America and 77.92 rpm throughout the rest of the world. The nominal speed of the phonograph disc gave rise to its common nickname, the "seventy-eight".

Discs were made of different material like shellac or brittle plastic like materials. The needles were made from a variety of materials which included mild steel, thorn and even sapphire. But these Discs phonograph had a specifically limited playing life which all depended on how they were reproduced.

In the late 1940s, the Vinyl microgroove was devised by a Hungarian engineer Peter Carl Goldmark. And in the late 1940s; the vinyl microgroove record was introduced. There were and the two main vinyl formats — the 7-inch single turning at 45 rpm and the 12-inch LP record turning at 33 1/3 rpm. Both in stamping and in playback, Vinyl offered improved performance and were generally played with polished diamond styli. When played properly, these offered longer life. Nearly all of the Vinyl records were tinted black but some were also found colored, as red, swirled, translucent, etc.